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Three unobtrusive domestic occupancy measurement technologies under qualitative review

Naghiyev, Eldar; Gillott, Mark; WILSON, ROBIN


Professor of Sustainable Building Design


Almost one third of the UK's total energy is consumed by the domestic sector. Occupancy measurement could have the potential to save significant amounts of that energy, either instantly via a home automation system or retrospectively via post-occupancy evaluation. However, not many localisation technologies are applicable to a domestic environment. In this paper three unobtrusive occupancy measuring technologies, i.e. Passive Infra-Red (PIR), Carbon Dioxide (CO2) and Device-free Localisation (DfL), are compared. Their operation is explained and possible advantages and disadvantages are outlined. A qualitative experimental study then analyses the abilities of each system to detect overall occupancy, detect room level occupancy, count the number of occupants and localise them. It has been found that CO2 and PIR sensors are very limited. The impacts of other factors, such as windows or occupants’ metabolic rates, were significant on the reliability of the measured data. DfL on the other hand has great potential, but requires further research.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Feb 3, 2014
Electronic ISSN 1872-6178
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 69
Pages 507-514
APA6 Citation Naghiyev, E., Gillott, M., & WILSON, R. (2014). Three unobtrusive domestic occupancy measurement technologies under qualitative review. Energy and Buildings, 69, 507-514.
Keywords Device-free Localisation; Signal strength; CO2; Passive infra-red; Occupancy; Occupant detection
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