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2-(4-Amino-3-methylphenyl)-5-fluorobenzothiazole is a ligand and shows species-specific partial agonism of the Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor

Bazzi, Rana; Bradshaw, Tracey D.; Rowlands, J. Craig; Stevens, Malcolm F.G.; Bell, David Robert

Authors

Rana Bazzi

Tracey D. Bradshaw

J. Craig Rowlands

Malcolm F.G. Stevens

David Robert Bell david.bell@nottingham.ac.uk



Abstract

2-(4-Amino-3-methylphenyl)-5-fluorobenzothiazole (5F 203) and related compounds are a series
of anti-cancer candidate pharmaceuticals (Table 1.), that have been shown to activate the
AhR. We show that these compounds are high affinity ligands for the rat AhR, but a quantitative
assay for their ability to induce CYP1A1 RNA in H4IIEC3 cells, a measure of activation of the
AhR, showed a poor relationship between affinity for the AhR and ability to induce CYP1A1
RNA. 5F 203, an agonist with low potency, was able to antagonise the induction of CYP1A1
RNA by TCDD, while IH 445, a potent agonist, did not antagonise the induction of CYP1A1
RNA by TCDD, and Schild analysis confirmed 5F 203 to be a potent antagonist of the induction
of CYP1A1 RNA by TCDD in H4IIEC3 cells. In contrast, several benzothiazoles show potent
induction of CYP1A1 RNA in human MCF-7 cells, and 5F 203 is unable to detectably antagonise
the induction of CYP1A1 RNA in MCF-7 cells, showing a species difference in antagonism.
Evaluation of the antiproliferative activity of benzothiazoles showed that the ability to
agonise the AhR correlated with growth inhibition both in H4IIEC3 cells for a variety of benzothiazoles,
and between H4IIEC3 and MCF-7 cells for 5F 203, suggesting an important role
of agonism of the AhR in the anti-proliferative activity of benzothiazoles.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jan 1, 2009
Journal Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Print ISSN 0041-008X
Electronic ISSN 0041-008X
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 237
Issue 1
APA6 Citation Bazzi, R., Bradshaw, T. D., Rowlands, J. C., Stevens, M. F., & Bell, D. R. (2009). 2-(4-Amino-3-methylphenyl)-5-fluorobenzothiazole is a ligand and shows species-specific partial agonism of the Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor. Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology, 237(1), doi:10.1016/j.taap.2009.02.015
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.taap.2009.02.015
Publisher URL http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/622951/description#description
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingh.../end_user_agreement.pdf

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf



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