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After Nehru, What? Britain, the United States, and the Other Transfer of Power in India, 1960–64

McGarr, Paul M.

Authors

Paul M. McGarr



Abstract

In November 1959, India's Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, turned seventy. Having led his country since Britain's departure from South Asia in August 1947, Nehru's seventieth birthday stimulated debates, both inside and outside the Indian subcontinent, on India's future in a post-Nehruvian world. In the early 1960s, with the Indian premier's health deteriorating and Sino-Indian relations under strain, British and US policymakers evidenced increasing concern with whom, or perhaps more pertinently, with what, forces would govern the world's largest democracy after Nehru. This article, which draws upon recently released British and US archival records, provides the first assessment of Western involvement in the struggle to succeed Nehru which occurred within India's ruling Congress Party between 1960 and 1964. Moreover, it offers insights into Anglo-American concern that Nehru's health adversely affected Indian policymaking; the involvement of foreign intelligence services in India's domestic politics; and the misplaced expectations of British and US officials that the appointment of Lal Bahadur Shastri as India's second Prime Minister, in May 1964, would herald the beginning of a new and more productive relationship between India and the West.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jan 1, 2011
Journal International History Review
Print ISSN 0707-5332
Electronic ISSN 0707-5332
Publisher Taylor & Francis (Routledge)
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 33
Issue 1
APA6 Citation McGarr, P. M. (2011). After Nehru, What? Britain, the United States, and the Other Transfer of Power in India, 1960–64. International History Review, 33(1), doi:10.1080/07075332.2011.555381
DOI https://doi.org/10.1080/07075332.2011.555381
Publisher URL http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/07075332.2011.555381
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0





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