Insights into the genetic history of Green-legged Partridgelike fowl: mtDNA and genome-wide SNP analysis
Siwek, M.; Wragg, D.; Slawinska, A.; Malek, M.; Hanotte, O.; Mwacharo, J.M.
The Green-legged Partridgelike (GP) fowl, an old native Polish breed, is characterised by reseda green-coloured shanks rather than yellow, white, slate or black commonly observed across most domestic breeds of chicken. Here, we investigate the origin, genetic relationships and structure of the GP fowl using mtDNA D-loop sequencing and genome-wide SNP analysis. Genome-wide association analysis between breeds enables us to verify the genetic control of the reseda green shank phenotype, a defining trait for the breed. Two mtDNA D-loop haplogroups and three autosomal genetic backgrounds are revealed. Significant associations of SNPs on chromosomes GGA24 and GGAZ indicate that the reseda green leg phenotype is associated with recessive alleles linked to the W and Id loci. Our results provide new insights into the genetic history of European chicken, indicating an admixd origin of East European traditional breeds of chicken on the continent, as supported by the presence of the reseda green phenotype and the knowledge that the GP fowl as a breed was developed before the advent of commercial stocks.
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Publication Date||Aug 1, 2013|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|APA6 Citation||Siwek, M., Wragg, D., Slawinska, A., Malek, M., Hanotte, O., & Mwacharo, J. (2013). Insights into the genetic history of Green-legged Partridgelike fowl: mtDNA and genome-wide SNP analysis. Animal Genetics, 44(5), doi:10.1111/age.12046|
|Keywords||Autosomal markers, European chicken, Gallus gallus, mtDNA control region, Z chromosome markers|
|Copyright Statement||Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0|
|Additional Information||This is the accepted version of the following article: Siwek, M., Wragg, D., Slawinska, A., Malek, M., Hanotte, O. and Mwacharo, J. M. (2013), Insights into the genetic history of Green-legged Partridgelike fowl: mtDNA and genome-wide SNP analysis. Animal Genetics, 44: 522–532
, which has been published in final form at doi: 10.1111/age.12046
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0