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Outputs (18)

Pollen and spores as biological recorders of past ultraviolet irradiance (2016)
Journal Article
Jardine, P. E., Fraser, W. T., Lomax, B. H., Sephton, M. A., Shanahan, T. M., Miller, C. S., & Gosling, W. D. (in press). Pollen and spores as biological recorders of past ultraviolet irradiance. Scientific Reports, 6(39269), https://doi.org/10.1038/srep39269

Solar ultraviolet (UV) irradiance is a key driver of climatic and biotic change. Ultraviolet irradiance modulates stratospheric warming and ozone production, and influences the biosphere from ecosystem-level processes through to the largest scale pat... Read More about Pollen and spores as biological recorders of past ultraviolet irradiance.

Impact of amendments on the physical properties of soil under tropical long-term no till conditions (2016)
Journal Article
Carmeis Filho, A. C., Crusciol, C. A. C., Guimarães, T. M., Calonego, J. C., & Mooney, S. J. (2016). Impact of amendments on the physical properties of soil under tropical long-term no till conditions. PLoS ONE, 11(12), Article e0167564. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0167564

Tropical regions have been considered the world's primary agricultural frontier; however, some physico-chemical deficiencies, such as low soil organic matter content, poor soil structure, high erodibility, soil acidity, and aluminum toxicity, have af... Read More about Impact of amendments on the physical properties of soil under tropical long-term no till conditions.

Shedding light on sporopollenin chemistry, with reference to UV reconstructions (2016)
Journal Article
Jardine, P. E., Abernethy, F. A., Lomax, B. H., Gosling, W. D., & Fraser, W. T. (2017). Shedding light on sporopollenin chemistry, with reference to UV reconstructions. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 238, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.revpalbo.2016.11.014

Sporopollenin, which forms the outer wall of pollen and spores, contains a chemical signature of ultraviolet-B flux via concentrations of UV-B absorbing compounds (UACs), providing a proxy for reconstructing UV irradiance through time. Although Fouri... Read More about Shedding light on sporopollenin chemistry, with reference to UV reconstructions.

Impacts of conversion of tropical peat swamp forest to oil palm plantation on peat organic chemistry, physical properties and carbon stocks (2016)
Journal Article
Tonks, A. J., Aplin, P., Beriro, D. J., Cooper, H., Evers, S., Vane, C. H., & Sjögersten, S. (2017). Impacts of conversion of tropical peat swamp forest to oil palm plantation on peat organic chemistry, physical properties and carbon stocks. Geoderma, 289, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2016.11.018

Ecosystem services provided by tropical peat swamp forests, such as carbon (C) storage and water regulation, are under threat due to encroachment and replacement of these natural forests by drainage-based agriculture, commonly oil palm plantation. Th... Read More about Impacts of conversion of tropical peat swamp forest to oil palm plantation on peat organic chemistry, physical properties and carbon stocks.

Soil microbial community assembly precedes vegetation development after drastic techniques to mitigate effects of nitrogen deposition (2016)
Journal Article
van der Bij, A., Pawlett, M., Harris, J., Ritz, K., & van Diggelen, R. (2017). Soil microbial community assembly precedes vegetation development after drastic techniques to mitigate effects of nitrogen deposition. Biological Conservation, 212(B), 476-483. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2016.09.008

Oligotrophic semi-natural systems are threatened by high levels of nitrogen deposition. To mitigate these effects, drastic techniques such as sod-cutting and topsoil removal are applied to reduce nitrogen loads in existing systems and expand their ar... Read More about Soil microbial community assembly precedes vegetation development after drastic techniques to mitigate effects of nitrogen deposition.

Aphid Infestation Increases Fusarium langsethiae and T-2 and HT-2 Mycotoxins in Wheat (2016)
Journal Article
Drakulic, J., Ajigboye, O., Swarup, R., Bruce, T., & Ray, R. V. (2016). Aphid Infestation Increases Fusarium langsethiae and T-2 and HT-2 Mycotoxins in Wheat. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 82(22), 6548-6556. https://doi.org/10.1128/AEM.02343-16

Fusarium langsethiae is a fungal pathogen of cereal crops that is an increasing problem in northern Europe, but much of its epidemiology is poorly understood. The species produces the mycotoxins T-2 and HT-2, which are highly toxic. It was hypothesiz... Read More about Aphid Infestation Increases Fusarium langsethiae and T-2 and HT-2 Mycotoxins in Wheat.

Population exposure to trace elements in the Kilembe copper mine area, Western Uganda: a pilot study (2016)
Journal Article
Mwesigye, A. R., Young, S. D., Bailey, E. H., & Tumwebaze, S. B. (2016). Population exposure to trace elements in the Kilembe copper mine area, Western Uganda: a pilot study. Science of the Total Environment, 573, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.08.125

The mining and processing of copper in Kilembe, Western Uganda, from 1956 to 1982 left over 15 Mt. of tailings containing cupriferous and cobaltiferous pyrite dumped within a mountain river valley. This pilot study was conducted to assess the nature... Read More about Population exposure to trace elements in the Kilembe copper mine area, Western Uganda: a pilot study.

Plant responses to elevated CO 2 levels in soils: Distinct CO 2 and O 2 -depletion effects (2016)
Journal Article
Lake, J. A., Steven, M. D., Smith, K. L., & Lomax, B. H. (2017). Plant responses to elevated CO 2 levels in soils: Distinct CO 2 and O 2 -depletion effects. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 64, 333-339. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijggc.2016.07.042

To investigate potential environmental effects in the context of carbon dioxide (CO2) leakage from Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) schemes, the University of Nottingham ASGARD (Artificial Soil Gassing And Response Detection) facility, was used to in... Read More about Plant responses to elevated CO 2 levels in soils: Distinct CO 2 and O 2 -depletion effects.

Kinetic study of time-dependent fixation of UVI on biochar (2016)
Journal Article
Ashry, A., Bailey, E. H., Chenery, S., & Young, S. D. (2016). Kinetic study of time-dependent fixation of UVI on biochar. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 320, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2016.08.002

Biochar, a by-product from the production of biofuel and syngas by gasification, was tested as a material for adsorption and fixation of UVI from aqueous solutions. A batch experiment was conducted to study the factors that influence the adsorption a... Read More about Kinetic study of time-dependent fixation of UVI on biochar.

Elemental composition of Malawian rice (2016)
Journal Article
Chilimba, A. D. C., Joy, E. J. M., Joy, E. J., Louise Ander, E., Broadley, M. R., Young, S. D., …Watts, M. J. (2017). Elemental composition of Malawian rice. Environmental Geochemistry and Health, 39(4), 835-845. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10653-016-9854-9

Widespread potential dietary deficiencies of calcium (Ca), iron (Fe), iodine (I), selenium (Se) and zinc (Zn) have been identified in Malawi. Several deficiencies are likely to be compounded by high phytic acid (PA) consumption. Rice (Oryzasativa) is... Read More about Elemental composition of Malawian rice.