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Outputs (52)

Differences in progression by surgical specialty: A national cohort study (2022)
Journal Article
Hope, C., Lund, J., Griffiths, G., & Humes, D. (2022). Differences in progression by surgical specialty: A national cohort study. BMJ Open, 12(2), Article e053391. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2021-053391

The aim of surgical training across the 10 surgical specialties is to produce competent day 1 consultants. Progression through training in the UK is assessed by the Annual Review of Competency Progression (ARCP). Objective This study aimed to examine... Read More about Differences in progression by surgical specialty: A national cohort study.

Green Tea Extract Concurrent with an Oral Nutritional Supplement Acutely Enhances Muscle Microvascular Blood Flow without Altering Leg Glucose Uptake in Healthy Older Adults (2021)
Journal Article
Din, U. S. U., Sian, T. S., Deane, C. S., Smith, K., Gates, A., Lund, J. N., …Phillips, B. E. (2021). Green Tea Extract Concurrent with an Oral Nutritional Supplement Acutely Enhances Muscle Microvascular Blood Flow without Altering Leg Glucose Uptake in Healthy Older Adults. Nutrients, 13(11), Article 3895. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13113895

Postprandial macro-and microvascular blood flow and metabolic dysfunction manifest with advancing age, so vascular transmuting interventions are desirable. In this randomised, singleblind, placebo-controlled, crossover trial, we investigated the impa... Read More about Green Tea Extract Concurrent with an Oral Nutritional Supplement Acutely Enhances Muscle Microvascular Blood Flow without Altering Leg Glucose Uptake in Healthy Older Adults.

Six weeks of high-intensity interval training enhances contractile activity induced vascular reactivity and skeletal muscle perfusion in older adults (2021)
Journal Article
Herrod, P. J., Atherton, P. J., Smith, K., Williams, J. P., Lund, J. N., & Phillips, B. E. (2021). Six weeks of high-intensity interval training enhances contractile activity induced vascular reactivity and skeletal muscle perfusion in older adults. GeroScience, 43(6), 2667-2678. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11357-021-00463-6

Impairments in muscle microvascular function are associated with the pathogenesis of sarcopenia and cardiovascular disease. High-intensity interval training (HIIT) is an intervention by which a myriad of beneficial skeletal muscle/cardiovascular adap... Read More about Six weeks of high-intensity interval training enhances contractile activity induced vascular reactivity and skeletal muscle perfusion in older adults.

Contrast‐enhanced ultrasound assessed renal microvascular perfusion may predict postoperative renal complications following colorectal surgery (2021)
Journal Article
Read, D., Doleman, B., Heinink, T., Selby, N., Lund, J., Phillips, B., & Williams, J. (2021). Contrast‐enhanced ultrasound assessed renal microvascular perfusion may predict postoperative renal complications following colorectal surgery. Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology, 48(7), 971-977. https://doi.org/10.1111/1440-1681.13501

Colorectal surgery is associated with an above‐average mortality rate of ~15%. During surgery, maintenance of vital organ perfusion is essential in order to reduce postoperative mortality and morbidity, with renal perfusion of particular importance.... Read More about Contrast‐enhanced ultrasound assessed renal microvascular perfusion may predict postoperative renal complications following colorectal surgery.

Factors Associated with Attrition and Performance Throughout Surgical Training: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis (2020)
Journal Article
Hope, C., Reilly, J.-J., Griffiths, G., Lund, J., & Humes, D. (2021). Factors Associated with Attrition and Performance Throughout Surgical Training: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. World Journal of Surgery, 45, 429-442

Background Attrition within surgical training is a challenge. In the USA, attrition rates are as high as 20-26%. The factors predicting attrition are not well known. The aim of this systematic review is to identify factors that influence attrition or... Read More about Factors Associated with Attrition and Performance Throughout Surgical Training: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Time-efficient physical activity interventions to reduce blood pressure in older adults: a randomized controlled trial (2020)
Journal Article
Herrod, P., Lund, J., & Phillips, B. (2021). Time-efficient physical activity interventions to reduce blood pressure in older adults: a randomized controlled trial. Age and Ageing, 50(3), 980-984. https://doi.org/10.1093/ageing/afaa211

Background Hypertension is a risk factor for both cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease, with an increasing incidence with advancing patient age. Exercise interventions have the potential to reduce blood pressure in older adults, however, rates... Read More about Time-efficient physical activity interventions to reduce blood pressure in older adults: a randomized controlled trial.

The management of adult appendicitis during the COVID-19 pandemic: an interim analysis of a UK cohort study (2020)
Journal Article
Javanmard-Emamghissi, H., Boyd-Carson, H., Hollyman, M., Doleman, B., Adiamah, A., Lund, J. N., …The COVID: HAREM (Had Appendicitis, Resolved/Recurred Emergency Morbidity/Mortality) Collaborators Group. (2021). The management of adult appendicitis during the COVID-19 pandemic: an interim analysis of a UK cohort study. Techniques in Coloproctology, 25(4), 401–411. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10151-020-02297-4

Background Acute appendicitis (AA) is the most common general surgical emergency. Early laparoscopic appendicectomy is the gold-standard management. SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) brought concerns of increased perioperative mortality and spread of infection... Read More about The management of adult appendicitis during the COVID-19 pandemic: an interim analysis of a UK cohort study.

Funnel plots may show asymmetry in the absence of publication bias with continuous outcomes dependent on baseline risk: presentation of a new publication bias test (2020)
Journal Article
Doleman, B., Freeman, S. C., Lund, J. N., Williams, J. P., & Sutton, A. J. (2020). Funnel plots may show asymmetry in the absence of publication bias with continuous outcomes dependent on baseline risk: presentation of a new publication bias test. Research Synthesis Methods, 11(4), 522-534. https://doi.org/10.1002/jrsm.1414

This study aimed to determine for continuous outcomes dependent on baseline risk, whether funnel plot asymmetry may be due to statistical artefact rather than publication bias and evaluate a novel test to resolve this. Firstly, we conducted assessmen... Read More about Funnel plots may show asymmetry in the absence of publication bias with continuous outcomes dependent on baseline risk: presentation of a new publication bias test.

Trainee-led emergency laparotomy operating (2020)
Journal Article
Boyd-Carson, H., Doleman, B., Lockwood, S., Williams, J. P., Tierney, G. M., & Lund, J. N. (2020). Trainee-led emergency laparotomy operating. British Journal of Surgery, 107(10), 1289-1298. https://doi.org/10.1002/bjs.11611

© 2020 BJS Society Ltd Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd Background: To achieve completion of training in general surgery, trainees are required to demonstrate competency in common procedures performed at emergency laparotomy. The aim of this stud... Read More about Trainee-led emergency laparotomy operating.

High-intensity interval training produces a significant improvement in fitness in less than 31 days before surgery for urological cancer: a randomised control trial (2020)
Journal Article
Blackwell, J. E. M., Doleman, B., Boereboom, C. L., Morton, A., Williams, S., Atherton, P., …Lund, J. N. (2020). High-intensity interval training produces a significant improvement in fitness in less than 31 days before surgery for urological cancer: a randomised control trial. Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases, 23, 696–704. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41391-020-0219-1

Objectives To assess the efficacy of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) for improving cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) in patients awaiting resection for urological malignancy within four weeks. Subjects/patients and methods A randomised... Read More about High-intensity interval training produces a significant improvement in fitness in less than 31 days before surgery for urological cancer: a randomised control trial.